A bathroom without a fan is like a kitchen without a chimney. Bathroom fans are vital for the removal of moisture and the bad odors that come from your bathroom. In turn, it prevents the growth of both mildew and mold on your bathroom walls. Besides, installing a fan in your home’s bathroom prevents paint and wallpaper from peeling off, windows from warping, and also prevents unwanted odors. Surprisingly, despite knowing how crucial a bathroom fan is in a home, not many households have this essential appliance. Why? It is daunting to install. Luckily, here is a step by step guide on how to erect one.
Things You Need to Do Before Installing a Bathroom Exhaust Fan In Your Home
Buy A Good Quality Bathroom Fan
Before buying the best bathroom fan you must check two important parameters of the bathroom fan. One is the CFM rating of the fan and the other is Sone.
To find the suitable bathroom exhaust fan for your bathroom first thing you need to determine the accurate area of your bathroom. Well, it is the first thing you ought to find out during the fan installation process. This way, you are sure to purchase a fan with the right strength for your bathroom. Cubic Feet per Minute (CFM) simply refer to how much air the fan can move from the bathroom per minute. If your bathroom is small, then it will require a proportionately low CFM fan. Those larger bathrooms will definitely require fans with higher CFM.
Just as important is the sound rating of your bathroom’s fan. The sound rating of a fan is measured in sones, which ranges from 0.5 to 6. Therefore, if you prefer and enjoy a quiet time in your bathroom, a fan with a low sone should be a perfect choice. However, there are those who are consoled by the sound from the louder, noisy fans, especially those that reside in public homes. If you are one of them, a higher-sone fan would sufficiently meet your needs.
Arrange the proper Installation Tools
Do you possess basic carpentry or electrical skills? If yes, then your bathroom’s fan installation process could be just as simple as a walk in the park. However, what tools do you need for the task? Basic hand tools such as pliers, a jigsaw, a power drill, and a screwdriver are a must have. Besides, you need to have a flexible duct pipe, screws, caulk, wire nuts, and a duct pipe. More often than not, duct pipes run through the roof, and this necessitates additional materials like shingles, roofing nails, and roofing cement. For safety purposes, you might need to tag along with your safety goggles and a respirator.
Steps You Need to Follow While Installing the Bathroom Exhaust Fan
Step 1: Find out the Best Place to Install the Bathroom Fan
The location of your fan in the bathroom is of paramount importance. For effective functioning, the fan should be installed at the center of your bathroom, between the shower and the toilet, for maximum ventilation effect. While installing a new fan, the layout of your attic requires much consideration due to the location of the fan’s bulk. However, its point of location should be between joists and free from any obstructions and pipes. You drill a reference hole and mark the ceiling where you intend to place the fan. Use the jigsaw to cut out the marked portion of the ceiling and position the hole created. You can then attach a strategic duct elbow to the outlet using duct tape.
Step 2: Securing the Fan
To this point, the fan is in the right position but not secure. In order to secure it, you can extend the brackets to reach the joists that are on either side of the house. You can also secure each bracket by using the drywall screws. Now, it is safe to run the fan’s electric cable through the connector and secure it by tightening the screws on the connector. Next, you should locate the shortest exit route that connects the fan to the outside through the duct pipe. If your exit point is on the sidewall, you should locate the point from the outside, make a hole, and then secure it with a vent cap. If on the roof, you are bound to remove the shingles covering the cut hole and install the vent cap.
Step 3: Connection Wiring
Wiring can either be from the bathroom or attic, depending on your choice of the bathroom fan. This process is quite intricate, but it is well laid down in the manufacturer’s instructions. Double checking the power status is paramount before the wiring phase kicks off. For caution purposes, you may seek the services of a professional for special handling.
Step 4: Attaching the Grille
You are almost finished at this point. You should plug in the blower motor into the electrical holder and have it secured with screws. You can then position the decorative plastic grille and ensure it fits in against the ceiling. You can then turn on the power and test your new bathroom fan.
Wrap It Up
Installing your bathroom fan may be tough but possibly not as hard as you might think. You only need to have the right tools and follow installation instructions. If you need a bathroom fan in your home, this guide can help you install it appropriately.